The Grave of High spritual person, having name & fame for preaching the religion Islam, is known as 'Mazar' and populerly called 'Dargah Sharif'.
Mazar is an Arabic word synonymous to dargah. Mazar literally means 'a place for visit' and usually the tomb of a saint and dervish is called a mazar. Mazar is also called the grave or rauza. Usually, mosques and madrasahs are built in the vicinity of mazars. Prophet muhammad (Sm) used to visit the graveyard of Jannat-al Baki in Madina and the graves of his companions who were martyred in the Battle of Ohud and prayed for the salvation of the souls of the departed. However, any attempt to convert a grave into a mosque or an object of veneration is strictly prohibited in islam.
The tendency to show special respect for mazars developed among common Muslims under the influence of the Sufi tariqas. It was a custom among the Muslim followers of sufism to visit the graves of Sufi dervishes to pray for the salvation of their souls.
In the premises of many mazars, urs ie, the birth and death anniversaries (also known as the rituals of esalay sawab or good wishes) are held ceremoniously. For maintenance of important mazars, there are waqf estates and khadims (caretakers) look after them. In the subcontinent, there are many mazars of the aulias and dervishes who came here from various countries with the mission to propagate Islam. Noted among them are the mazars of Khwaja Main Uddin Chisti (R) in Azmir, Nizamuddin Aulia (R) in Delhi and Farid Uddin Ganj-e-Shakkar (R) in Lahore. Some of the important mazars in Bangladesh are those of Hazrat shah jalal (R) in Sylhet, khan jahan Ali (R) in Bagherhat, makhdum shah (R) in Rajshahi and shah amanat (R) in Chittagong, and Shah Ali Baghdadi (R) in Dhaka. Chittagong, where there are the mazars of twelve saints, is called the city of mazars. [Muhammad Abdur Rashid].
Dargah a Persian word referring to the grave of a wali or Sufi. In the subcontinent, buildings have been erected upon the graves of Sufis and dervishes. Building houses or tombs upon graves is considered a haram or strictly prohibited act according to Islamic Shariah. The use of lighting at a dargah is also not permitted under Shariah. Some schools, however, allow the construction of a grave ten inches above the ground for the purpose of identification. Though venerating a dead person is forbidden, paying visits to a dargah and a graveyard are allowed in order to pray for the departed soul. Prophet muhammad (Sm) used to visit the graveyard of Jannatu'l-Baqi to pray for the departed souls. His daughter, Bibi Fatima (R), also used to visit the grave of Hamza (R) every Friday.
Pious persons used to visit these mazars,known as 'Ziarat' for the purpose of making prayer to allmighty Allah subhanatala for the salvation of oneself through 'Usila' of the person who is in the eternal rest in the said mazar.
Visiting mazar is not banned in Islam,but making 'Sizdah' or any other activity other that religious performance is strictly prohibited in Islam.
1.Standstill before the mazar with utmost humbleness.
(a) Resite Sura Fateha (Alhamdulliah).
(b) Resite Sura Ekhlas=3 times(Kul hoo allah ).
(c) Resite sura Falak (Kul auzu birabbil Falak).
(d) Resite sura Nas (Kul auzu birabbin nas).
3.Make a Munajat to Allah subhanatala praying for the Rasulallah(SM),the man in the grave,for you & your family,for all of your near & dear one and lastly for the whole muslim ummah and for your country.
1. It gives peace of mind as the occasion of own death comes to mind.
2. The Munazat to Allah subhanatala may render salvation to oneself, if perfectly prayed.
3.Renders oneself into holding pious life.
Allah subhanatala said : 'Friends of Allah never die.Dont treat them as dead.They receive their livelihood from Allah subhanatala.'
1.Some of the Mazar Sharif's were scheduled
under the ordinance named 'Scheduled Dargha (Control & Administration ) Ordinance 1989
(Ordinance No.18 of 1989)' which was later reapled and re-enacted by another statute named '
2. The aforesaid statute was reapled later by another statute
Act No.9 of 1994
An Act made to repeal the Scheduled Dargah (Administration and Legislation) Act, 1990
Whereas it is expedient to repeal the Scheduled Dargah (Administration and Legislation) Act, 1990 (Act No.23 of 1990);
Now, therefore, it is enacted as follows:-
1. Short title.- This Act may be called the Scheduled Dargah (Administration and Legislation) Repeal Act, 1994.
2. Repeal of Act No.23 of 1990.- The Scheduled Dargah (Administration and Legislation) Act, 1990 (Act No.23 of 1990) stands herewith repealed.